Package redis is a client for the Redis database.

The Redigo FAQ ( contains more documentation about this package.


The Conn interface is the primary interface for working with Redis. Applications create connections by calling the Dial, DialWithTimeout or NewConn functions. In the future, functions will be added for creating sharded and other types of connections.

The application must call the connection Close method when the application is done with the connection.

Executing Commands

The Conn interface has a generic method for executing Redis commands:

Do(commandName string, args ...interface{}) (reply interface{}, err error)

The Redis command reference ( lists the available commands. An example of using the Redis APPEND command is:

n, err := conn.Do("APPEND", "key", "value")

The Do method converts command arguments to binary strings for transmission to the server as follows:

Go Type                 Conversion
[]byte                  Sent as is
string                  Sent as is
int, int64              strconv.FormatInt(v)
float64                 strconv.FormatFloat(v, 'g', -1, 64)
bool                    true -> "1", false -> "0"
nil                     ""
all other types         fmt.Print(v)

Redis command reply types are represented using the following Go types:

Redis type              Go type
error                   redis.Error
integer                 int64
simple string           string
bulk string             []byte or nil if value not present.
array                   []interface{} or nil if value not present.

Use type assertions or the reply helper functions to convert from interface{} to the specific Go type for the command result.


Connections support pipelining using the Send, Flush and Receive methods.

Send(commandName string, args ...interface{}) error
Flush() error
Receive() (reply interface{}, err error)

Send writes the command to the connection's output buffer. Flush flushes the connection's output buffer to the server. Receive reads a single reply from the server. The following example shows a simple pipeline.

c.Send("SET", "foo", "bar")
c.Send("GET", "foo")
c.Receive() // reply from SET
v, err = c.Receive() // reply from GET

The Do method combines the functionality of the Send, Flush and Receive methods. The Do method starts by writing the command and flushing the output buffer. Next, the Do method receives all pending replies including the reply for the command just sent by Do. If any of the received replies is an error, then Do returns the error. If there are no errors, then Do returns the last reply. If the command argument to the Do method is "", then the Do method will flush the output buffer and receive pending replies without sending a command.

Use the Send and Do methods to implement pipelined transactions.

c.Send("INCR", "foo")
c.Send("INCR", "bar")
r, err := c.Do("EXEC")
fmt.Println(r) // prints [1, 1]


Connections support one concurrent caller to the Receive method and one concurrent caller to the Send and Flush methods. No other concurrency is supported including concurrent calls to the Do method.

For full concurrent access to Redis, use the thread-safe Pool to get, use and release a connection from within a goroutine. Connections returned from a Pool have the concurrency restrictions described in the previous paragraph.

Publish and Subscribe

Use the Send, Flush and Receive methods to implement Pub/Sub subscribers.

c.Send("SUBSCRIBE", "example")
for {
    reply, err := c.Receive()
    if err != nil {
        return err
    // process pushed message

The PubSubConn type wraps a Conn with convenience methods for implementing subscribers. The Subscribe, PSubscribe, Unsubscribe and PUnsubscribe methods send and flush a subscription management command. The receive method converts a pushed message to convenient types for use in a type switch.

psc := redis.PubSubConn{c}
for {
    switch v := psc.Receive().(type) {
    case redis.Message:
        fmt.Printf("%s: message: %s\n", v.Channel, v.Data)
    case redis.Subscription:
        fmt.Printf("%s: %s %d\n", v.Channel, v.Kind, v.Count)
    case error:
        return v

Reply Helpers

The Bool, Int, Bytes, String, Strings and Values functions convert a reply to a value of a specific type. To allow convenient wrapping of calls to the connection Do and Receive methods, the functions take a second argument of type error. If the error is non-nil, then the helper function returns the error. If the error is nil, the function converts the reply to the specified type:

exists, err := redis.Bool(c.Do("EXISTS", "foo"))
if err != nil {
    // handle error return from c.Do or type conversion error.

The Scan function converts elements of a array reply to Go types:

var value1 int
var value2 string
reply, err := redis.Values(c.Do("MGET", "key1", "key2"))
if err != nil {
    // handle error
 if _, err := redis.Scan(reply, &value1, &value2); err != nil {
    // handle error

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