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func BuildMerkleTreeStore

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BuildMerkleTreeStore creates a merkle tree from a slice of transactions, stores it using a linear array, and returns a slice of the backing array. A linear array was chosen as opposed to an actual tree structure since it uses about half as much memory. The following describes a merkle tree and how it is stored in a linear array.

A merkle tree is a tree in which every non-leaf node is the hash of its children nodes. A diagram depicting how this works for bitcoin transactions where h(x) is a double sha256 follows:

         root = h1234 = h(h12 + h34)
        /                           \
  h12 = h(h1 + h2)            h34 = h(h3 + h4)
   /            \              /            \
h1 = h(tx1)  h2 = h(tx2)    h3 = h(tx3)  h4 = h(tx4)

The above stored as a linear array is as follows:

[h1 h2 h3 h4 h12 h34 root]

As the above shows, the merkle root is always the last element in the array.

The number of inputs is not always a power of two which results in a balanced tree structure as above. In that case, parent nodes with no children are also zero and parent nodes with only a single left node are calculated by concatenating the left node with itself before hashing. Since this function uses nodes that are pointers to the hashes, empty nodes will be nil.

BuildMerkleTreeStore is referenced in 2 repositories