View definition


Defined in


Creates a delivery stream.

CreateDeliveryStream is an asynchronous operation that immediately returns.

The initial status of the delivery stream is CREATING. After the delivery stream is created, its status is ACTIVE and it now accepts data. Attempts to send data to a delivery stream that is not in the ACTIVE state cause an exception. To check the state of a delivery stream, use DescribeDeliveryStream.

The name of a delivery stream identifies it. You can't have two delivery streams with the same name in the same region. Two delivery streams in different AWS accounts or different regions in the same AWS account can have the same name.

By default, you can create up to 20 delivery streams per region.

A delivery stream can only be configured with a single destination, Amazon S3, Amazon Elasticsearch Service, or Amazon Redshift. For correct CreateDeliveryStream request syntax, specify only one destination configuration parameter: either S3DestinationConfiguration, ElasticsearchDestinationConfiguration, or RedshiftDestinationConfiguration.

As part of S3DestinationConfiguration, optional values BufferingHints, EncryptionConfiguration, and CompressionFormat can be provided. By default, if no BufferingHints value is provided, Firehose buffers data up to 5 MB or for 5 minutes, whichever condition is satisfied first. Note that BufferingHints is a hint, so there are some cases where the service cannot adhere to these conditions strictly; for example, record boundaries are such that the size is a little over or under the configured buffering size. By default, no encryption is performed. We strongly recommend that you enable encryption to ensure secure data storage in Amazon S3.

A few notes about RedshiftDestinationConfiguration:

An Amazon Redshift destination requires an S3 bucket as intermediate location,

as Firehose first delivers data to S3 and then uses COPY syntax to load data into an Amazon Redshift table. This is specified in the RedshiftDestinationConfiguration.S3Configuration parameter element.

The compression formats SNAPPY or ZIP cannot be specified in RedshiftDestinationConfiguration.S3Configuration

because the Amazon Redshift COPY operation that reads from the S3 bucket doesn't support these compression formats.

We strongly recommend that the username and password provided is used

exclusively for Firehose purposes, and that the permissions for the account are restricted for Amazon Redshift INSERT permissions.

Firehose assumes the IAM role that is configured as part of destinations.

The IAM role should allow the Firehose principal to assume the role, and the role should have permissions that allows the service to deliver the data. For more information, see Amazon S3 Bucket Access ( in the Amazon Kinesis Firehose Developer Guide.